Cloud Databases Engines

Updated: November 08, 2022

Cloud Database Engines - database management systems that run on a cloud computing platforms with high load.

See also: Top 17 Public Cloud Platforms

2022. EdgeDB raises $15M ahead of the launch of its cloud database service

EdgeDB, the startup looking to modernize databases for cutting-edge apps, today announced that it raised $15 million, that will be used to launch the previously announced hosted version of EdgeDB’s database solution. EdgeDB’s product is fundamentally a relational database, or a collection of data items with predefined relationships between them. But Selivanov makes the case that EdgeDB “reinvents pretty much every concept” about relational databases, introducing its own high-level data model, a query language called EdgeQL, a low-latency network protocol and a set of tools to handle day-to-day operations like installing the database and making backups.

2021. PlanetScale raises $50M for its enterprise database service

PlanetScale, the serverless database company founded by the co-creators of the Vitess open source project that powers YouTube, has raised a $50 million Series C funding round. In addition, the company also today announced that its hosted enterprise platform is now generally available. Even though its service was only available as a private beta since its launch in May 2021, the company’s customers already include the likes of YouTube, GitHub, New Relic, Slack, MyFitnessPal, Square and Affirm. Transactional databases like PlanetScale are “the premium market opportunity in all of infrastructure.” Yet while the big cloud providers are generating billions from these services, investors have remained cautious.

2021. Yugabyte announces $48M Series C as cloud native database makes enterprise push

Yugabyte, the maker of the cloud-native, open-source YugabyteDB database, is seeing a corresponding rise in demand for its products, especially with large enterprise customers and has raised a $48 million financing round. The company has a three-tier offering that includes the open-source YugabyteDB. Then there is a fully managed cloud version called Yugabyte Cloud, and finally there is a self-managed cloud version of the database called Yugabyte Platform. The latter is especially attractive to large enterprise customers who want to be in the cloud, but still want to maintain control of their data and infrastructure, and so choose to manage the cloud installation themselves.

2020. PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, raises $270M

PingCAP, the open-source software developer best known for NewSQL database TiDB, has raised a $270 million Series D. TiDB handles hybrid transactional and analytical processing (HTAP), and is aimed at high-growth companies, including payment and e-commerce services, that need to handle increasingly large amounts of data. PingCAP says TiDB has been adopted by about 1,500 companies across the world. Some examples include Square; Japanese mobile payments company PayPay; e-commerce app Shopee; video-sharing platform Dailymotion; and ticketing platfrom BookMyShow.

2020. MariaDB raises $25M more to expand its SkySQL cloud database platform

MariaDB Corporation, the company behind MariaDB SkySQL and one of the startups leading the charge on open-source cloud databases, is announcing $25 million in funding. This latest infusion brings the total raised by MariaDB Corp. to over $125 million. Part of the boost for MariaDB’s business is coming directly as a result of the demands we’re seeing in the enterprise sector today for database-as-a-service tools built on cloud and open-source architecture. MariaDB says that DBS Bank, ServiceNow, Walgreens, Samsung and more than 75% of the Fortune 500 customers run MariaDB in both private and public clouds, speaking to the reach of the platform.

2020. MemSQL raises $50M in debt facility for its real-time database platform

MemSQL, the relational, real-time database used by organisations to query and analyse large pools of fast-moving data across cloud, hybrid and on-premise environments, has secured $50 million. Its customers include major banks, telecoms carriers, ridesharing giants and even those building COVID-19 tracing apps. The company plays in a well-crowded area that includes big players like Oracle and SAP. But its tech stands apart from these because of its hybrid architecture and because it can provide speed improvements of some 30x with technology that — as we have noted before — allows users to push millions of events per day into the service while its users can query the records in real time.

2018. MariaDB acquires big data analytics company MammothDB

MariaDB, known as a drop-in replacement for the popular MySQL database, clearly has its sights set on a bigger market and is looking to expand and better challenge the likes of Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server. Today the company announced that it has acquired MammothDB, a big data business analytics service based in Bulgaria. With MariaDB AX, MariaDB already offers an analytics and data warehousing system. So the company plans to bring the MammothDB’s expertise in this area to bear on MariaDB AX.

2016. Microsoft SQL Server is available on Linux

SQL Server, Microsoft’s flagship relational database product, is now available on Linux in the form of an early private preview, with a full launch planned for mid-2017. This announcement fits into Microsoft’s overall emphasis on hybrid deployments. Microsoft already runs Linux in its cloud and recently announced a major partnership with Red Hat, for example. If it wants SQL Server to remain relevant, it needs to bring it to more platforms — including those that it previously regarded as competitors. On Linux, after all, products like MySQL, MariaDB and PostgreSQL are also vying for a very similar slice of the market.

2016. MariaDB developer raises $9M

MariaDB Corporation — the startup formerly known as SkySQL and building for-profit solutions on the SQL fork managed by the MariaDB foundation — has raised another $9 million in funding . The funding brings the total raised by MariaDB to just over $40 million. This latest cash injection will be used for marketing, to launch new products, and to help further shift the startup’s center of gravity to the U.S. market from its home country of Finland. The foundation notes that use of MariaDB has been growing at a steady pace since being founded in October 2011 (although a rather steep decline in the last two months suggests perhaps that a huge customer has migrated?). This points to an opportunity for MariaDB the startup to monetise that usage with its commercial implementations.

2016. PipelineDB launched Enterprise version of its streaming SQL database

PipelineDB announced the release of PipelineDB Enterprise - the first commercial version of the open-source product that built on a new way of looking at SQL databases - thinking about streams of data rather than data at rest in big silos. The company makes a big bet on this type of database and so far it appears to be working quite well. While they don’t have exact numbers, he pegs the number of installations in the low thousands with deployments running all day long in the low hundreds. The commercial product has always been on the drawing board, but they are releasing it now because large enterprise customers are demanding additional features such as replication and failover hardware nodes for high availability, which is essential for companies using the product for mission critical purposes.

2015. MongoDB broadened its reach to business analysts

MongoDB, which is now the fourth most popular database in the world, just raised the ante with the release of MongoDB 3.2. Business analysts who are used to working with legacy databases can now work with MongoDB in much the same way via the newly introduced MongoDB for Connector for BI. The learning curve that once made it difficult has now been eliminated. MongoDB is also releasing a new product, Compass, which brings the kind of graphical tools that DBAs and development teams have come to rely on in relational databases available. Until now, MongoDB pros have had to forgo visibility for flexibility, but no more. Now they can quickly and securely explore their databases, visually construct queries, inspect records and make decisions about their deployments.

2015. IBM buys database-as-a-service provider Compose

IBM has acquired Compose, the database-as-a-service startup originally known as MongoHQ.  IBM spokesperson told that Compose will continue to operate as usual after the acquisition closes and that current users will not be impacted by this change. Compose says about 3,600 companies currently use its services and that its users, which span industries from retail to IoT and marketing services, have spun up over 100,000 databases so far. While Compose started out as a MongoDB database specialist, the company now offers services around MongoDB, Elasticsearch, RethinkDB, Redis and PostgreSQL. The overall idea behind Compose is to allow mobile and web developers to create their apps without having to worry about their database backends.

2015. Apple acquired NoSQL database engine FoundationDB

Apple has acquired FoundationDB, a company that specializes in speedy, durable NoSQL database. FoundationDB’s attractiveness came in the speed at which it handled ACID-compliant transactions and coupled that with strong scalability. It seems likely that this was an acquisition designed to bolster Apple’s server-side technologies for the App Store, iTunes Connect or iTunes in the Cloud. With millions of apps now in the store and billions being served to users, there is undoubtedly room for improvement in those systems. The reliability and speed of Apple’s cloud services are more critical than ever now that it has shipped 700 million iPhones alone — along with millions more iPads and Macs — all of which use iCloud.

2015. Azure DocumentDB takes on NoSQL databases

Microsoft's take on NoSQL databases  Azure DocumentDB will be generally available April 8. The beauty of these document databases is they can ingest JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) formatted information as is — no need for the mapping process that had to occur to pump them into relational SQL databases. Amazon Web Services added JSON support to its DynamoDB database last last year. Microsoft, which is trying to kit out Azure as a comfy home to a wide variety of workloads, supports a variety of homegrown and third-party databases including MongoDB and Microsoft SQL Azure and Oracle. Microsoft also said Azure Search, which works across more than 50 languages, is now available. This “search-as-a-service” targets developers who want to add full-text search into their applications.

2015. NoSQL database Riak gets $25 million investment

Basho, the company behind the open-source database and cloud-storage system Riak, has raised a $25 million series G round. Basho is among a handful of companies, including MongoDB, DataStax and Couchbase, that seems to have garnered some real traction in the NoSQL space over the past few years. Riak, its flagship open source, database competes most directly against Cassandra, around which DataStax was built. Basho released its Riak CS storage system in 2012 to help users build distributed object stores a la Amazon Web Services’ S3 or OpenStack Swift. Riak might never have the the user base of MongoDB or the webscale reputation of Cassandra, but if the company can get its act together operationally and the technology remains solid, there should be plenty of business to go around.

2015. Open source database MongoDB raises $80 million

MongoDB, the company known for its next-generation open source NoSQL database technology, has raised $80 million funding. MongoDB is a hot commodity in the NoSQL database space, where it competes with Couchbase and DataStax, among others. MongoDB has also been figuring out how to make money as a company that’s built around open source software. In October, MongoDB unveiled its MongoDB Management Service, designed to help users scale and manage their databases; the startup is banking that the new service will generate a lot of revenue. It also added paid support (or what it calls “production support”) for users of the free version in August, and brought in a new CEO with IPO experience the same month.