Video: MS Outlook vs Microsoft Exchange

Microsoft Outlook is a personal information manager from Microsoft. It can be used as a stand-alone application, or can work with Microsoft Exchange Server and Microsoft SharePoint Server for multiple users in an organization, such as shared mailboxes and calendars, Exchange public folders, SharePoint lists and meeting schedules. MS Outlook free alternatives are Mozilla Thunderbird, Opera Mail, EssentialPIM.
Microsoft Exchange Server is the server side of a client–server, collaborative application product developed by Microsoft. Exchange's major features consist of electronic mail, calendaring, contacts and tasks; support for mobile and web-based access to information; and support for data storage. Microsoft Exchange free open-source alternatives are Open-Xchange, Zimbra, SOGo, Zarafa.
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2015 - Microsoft launches Outlook for iOS and Android. Beware Microsoft Exchange

Microsoft already provided two Outlook-branded but rather limited apps: app for Android and OWA apps for Android and iOS that only work for paying Office 365 subscribers. The new Outlook for Android and iOS phones and tablets, based on the application Acompli it acquired (for $200) last December and has look and feel quite a bit like the original Acompli app. It will support Office 365, Exchange,, Yahoo! Mail and Gmail, as well as most other email providers. The Outlook app also allows you to send attachments through many cloud services, including Microsoft’s own OneDrive, as well as Dropbox and others. Similar to most modern email apps, the new Outlook apps now also support various swipe gestures, which you can customize to your need.

2010 - Outlook Social Connector - the social layer for MS Outlook to challenge Microsoft Exchange

Outlook Social Connector

Recently, we often see the software vendors integrating their enterprise software with public social networks. And Microsoft also wants to participate in this trend. Last year they released the Social Networking Accelerator for MS Dynamics CRM, which allows you to monitor the social networks for mentioning specific themes. And this year, along with Office 2010, they will release the social plugin Outlook Social Connector, which lets you see the social profile of the person who sent you email. Initial Microsoft's partner in this project is the business social network LinkedIn. If a person who has a LinkedIn public profile sent you email, you will be provided with the current information from his profile, including his connections and recent activities.

Outlook Social Connector

In addition to LinkedIn, Outlook Social Connector can pull data (and messages) from profiles in Sharepoint, Windows Live, Facebook, Twitter. And using the API, developers can link Outlook to any social network or corporate portal. Moreover, the plugin will notify you if the contact information is updated in the external source and will offer you to sync the contact data to Outlook.

And of course, the plugin displays the history of correspondence with this person (from Outlook), attached files, as well as the tasks and events linked to him.

Outlook Social Connector is very similar to the popular plug-in Xobni, that Bill Gates called the future of social networks. But Xobni recently came under the influence of the Microsoft's rival - Cisco, therefore the company decided to develop its own solution.