CloudStack vs OpenStack
Last updated: April 08, 2016
Apache CloudStack is open source software designed to deploy and manage large networks of virtual machines, as a highly available, highly scalable Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud computing platform. CloudStack is used by a number of service providers to offer public cloud services, and by many companies to provide an on-premises (private) cloud offering, or as part of a hybrid cloud solution.
OpenStack is a global collaboration of developers and cloud computing technologists producing the ubiquitous open source cloud computing platform for public and private clouds. The project aims to deliver solutions for all types of clouds by being simple to implement, massively scalable, and feature rich. The technology consists of a series of interrelated projects delivering various components for a cloud infrastructure solution.
CloudStack vs OpenStack in our news:
2016 - Rackspace offers ready-to-use Openstack private clouds. Proxmox is in panic
Rackspace has long offered enterprises the option to manage their private OpenStack deployments. But those companies had to build their own hardware and infrastructure. Now enterprises that want to move to OpenStack for their private cloud deployments will be able to have Rackspace build, monitor and manage their OpenStack clouds from the hardware up to the software stack. Its employees will manage all the aspects of the deployments and help on-board customers to their new clouds. Rackspace offers a 99.99 percent uptime SLA for these customers (though this obviously doesn’t include a power failure in a data center, which the company has little-to-no control over). Rackspace will install these new private clouds in virtually any data center in the world, but the company also partnered with Equinix to make deployments in that company’s data centers even faster and easier.
2015 - Google is joining OpenStack
Google is joining the OpenStack Foundation as the open source project’s newest corporate sponsor, which includes a $25,000-per-year sponsorship commitment. The focus of Google’s participation will be on Linux containers and integrating the Google-incubated Kubernetes container management tool into OpenStack. OpenStack’s other corporate sponsors include the likes of Alcatel-Lucent, Citrix, Comcast, Cray, GoDaddy, Fujitsu, Oracle, SAP, Nokia and the Linux Foundation. More than the (by Google standards) small financial commitment, though, Google’s participation is almost a symbolic gesture given the company’s previous involvement in the project. Google already has informally collaborated with OpenStack on a number of projects like the Murano application catalog and in the Magnum container orchestration service in the past, will contribute engineering resources to the project.
2014 - VMware integrates its cloud management tools with OpenStack - a new advantage over SolusVM
Virtualization giant VMware integrated its lineup of tools OpenStack open source cloud framework. The new service will be released during the first half of 2015. Thus organizations that have an OpenStack cloud set up in their backend will be able to have their IT operations staff manage that OpenStack cloud using VMware’s tools. This also means that organizations with data centers and gear running the VMware stack will be able to easily sync those up with other gear that runs on OpenStack. It’s interesting to note that the whole concept of OpenStack from its inception was to provide an alternative to the VMware private cloud and the Amazon public cloud, and VMware’s Integrated OpenStack seems to counter the notion of OpenStack purists who would rather have a private cloud built on top of multiple open source components.
2012 - Cloud Computing benefit? Working from home in the nude to compete with VMware vCloud
Citrix (one of the leading players on the Cloud Computing market) wondered what ordinary people think about Cloud Computing. It interviewed a thousand of ordinary Americans, and here's what they get. Only 16 percent correctly responded that Cloud Computing is a computer network to store, access and share data from Internet-connected devices. Other answers included: "An actual fluffy white Cloud", "Something related to the weather", "A pillow", "Outer space", "A movie", "A place to meet", "Toilet paper". 54 percent of respondents claim to never use Cloud Computing (although judging by the answers to other questions, 95% of them actually used).
In response to a question about Cloud Computing benefits, 68% said it saves money. 40% said that it is an opportunity to work from home in the nude. 33% - tanning on the beach and accessing computer files at the same time. 25% - keeping 'embarrassing' videos off of their personal hard drive. 35% - dealing with people they'd rather not interact with in person.
2012 - Surprise! VMWare has joined OpenStack. Beware Amazon Web Services
Recently we found out that the open cloud platform alliance OpenStack includes several members from EMC. It was a surprise, because EMC owns VMWare - the direct competitor of OpenStack. We thought that it was a little misunderstanding in the Swedish family EMC-VMWare. But this wasn't the last surprise in this story. In the end of the last week, VMWare personally became the "Gold member" in OpenStack. (Recall, OpenStack was founded two years ago in order to struggle against the dominance of Amazons's public cloud and VMWare's data-center cloud management systems). Together with VMWare two more giants: Intel and NEC joined OpenStack on Friday. So now, on the cloud platform market we have the confrontation: Amazon vs "Everyone else". You may think that the forces are not equal, but ...
It's likely that VMWare's entry hardly strengthen OpenStack. First, VMWare is not going to stop developing its (competing) solutions vCloud cloud platform and Cloud Foundry. The company is considering it's contribution to OpenStack as an diversification of investments in cloud platforms. Second, it's probably just a political (or marketing) step by VMWare. Because its main virtualization-competitor Citrix has recently quit OpenStack. So it's an excellent opportunity to turn the whole cloud market against the rival.
In result, OpenStack may not just become the Soviet Union but the Soviet Union with political games. At first glance, such organization can't be effective.
2012 - OpenStack - is like the Soviet Union. Who develops OpenStack? - a new advantage over Mesosphere
Last week, RackSpace has launched the open platform OpenStack in its cloud. And though HP has done the same a little earlier, but in HP Cloud OpenStack is running in beta mode, but in RackSpace Cloud - anyone already can start using OpenStack for business needs. So now all these debates what is more cool, Amazon Web Services or OpenStack will go into practical area. And the last theoretical debates took place shortly before the launch at the GiGaOm Structure conference. And at this conference, Chris Kemp, CEO of cloud provider Nebula (which, by the way, is OpenStack member) compared OpenStack with Soviet Union - "a collective farm ostensibly run for the good of its members, but where nothing is actually accomplished." Why Chris Kemp said that? Let's take a look, who develops OpenStack:
Company (the number of representatives):
- Rackspace (787)
- HP (753)
- Unaffiliated/Others (297)
- Cisco (41)
- Canonical (28)
- Dreamhost (24)
- Red Hat (22)
- Nebula (22)
- CloudScaling (17)
- OpenStack employees (14)
- Morphlabs (13)
- EMC (13)
- Dell (13)
- SUSE (10)
- Piston Cloud (10)
- Yahoo (5)
- IBM (5)
- AT&T (5)
- Tipit (4)
- OpsCode (4)
Another interesting question - how OpenStack is managed. It's managed by the board of directors, which is partly elected, partly appointed, partly formed by these who pay for seats. The Board of Directors appoints an executive director (but he is not appointed yet). Elections are carried out by the whole OpenStack community and they have three categories of community members based on their contribution: Individual, Gold, Platinum. If you want to know more about OpenStack organization - you can read about it here. But the general conclusion is that - it's not simple.
2012 - OpenStack launches. CloudStack departs. Amazon adapts SAP. Azure rebrands to keep up competition with Amazon Web Services
Here is the news digest from the leading cloud platforms. First of all, the open-source platform OpenStack (aka Linux for the clouds) which had been developed for two years by the alliance of IT giants (Rackspace, NASA, Citrix, Intel, AMD, Cisco, Dell, HP, IBM ...) - finally comes to production. Since May 1, it was adapted by RackSpace for its service Rackspace Cloud Files and last week HP launched the public beta of its HP Cloud platform, based on OpenStack. However, a week before the launch the trouble (common for open-source projects) occurred with OpenStack. Citrix, which has been one of the first participants in OpenStack, suddenly decided to grant its own cloud platform - CloudStack - to Apache Software Foundation. Thus, CloudStack not flowed into OpenStack but became a rival project. Citrix explained this decision by the slow OpenStack development and unwillingness of other parties to integrate with Amazon Web Services APIs.
As for Amazon, it's secured from such conflicts, and that's why is busy with more useful occupations - i.e. adaption of the world's largest ERP system SAP All-in-One to Amazon's cloud. Nothing can be more cool than SAP All-in-One in the Cloud, so the appearance of the first customer, using this cloud-based SAP will mean the great win to all cloud industry.
By the way a year ago SAP was going to port its ERP system not only to AWS, but also to the cloud platform of its main partner - Microsoft (Windows Azure). As now it turned out, that AWS - was the first. If in the near future SAP for Windows Azure won't appear, it will be a disaster for Microsoft's cloud business.
But maybe Microsoft has more important things to do. For example, rebranding. Recently the company announced that it will ditch the Windows Live brand. And then it came to Windows Azure. It's already known that a number of services will be renamed as follows: SQL Azure -> SQL Database, Azure Compute -> Cloud Services, Azure Storage -> Storage. It's still unknown whether the Azure brand will remain in the platform title. Why rename? Microsoft says, to erase the boundaries between the cloud and local IT infrastructure.
2012 - Amazon - gets closer to Windows, OpenStack - closer to Linux. Windows Azure is in panic
The situation on the cloud (IaaS) platform market more and more reminds us the history of the desktop operating systems (Windows and Linux). On the one hand - open and standard-based platform OpenStack. It's standards this week were supported by two more giants - IBM and Ericsson, that joined the OpenStack alliance. Before them the alliance included Rackspace, Citrix, Intel, AMD, Cisco, Dell, HP. On the other hand - proprietary but already very popular platform Amazon Web Services (AWS). AWS gained it's popularity as a simple and open platform which allows to restore Linux or Windows server and scale it depending on the load. It was relatively easy to move applications of AWS. But as Amazon adds new features to AWS, it lockes clients and partners more and more in its golden cage.
Since the beginning of the year AWS added two new services: DynamoDB (full-featured NoSQL database) and Simple Workflow Services (engine for business process automation, that can engage local apps as well as app hosted on AWS). Of course, these are useful things, but using them, developers make it very difficult to move applications from AWS to a private cloud or to another platform. In the same way Microsoft was adding to Windows office suite, browser, mail client.
Of course, nobody likes to be locked to one provider. But the system developed by the open community without owner - has its own drawbacks. For example, its development is slow. After 2 years since founding, OpenStack is still in the testing stage. The official launch is planned only for 3 or 4 quarter of this year. After this launch, in theory, many Amazon-like IaaS-services and private clouds will appear. And they will enable easily move applications from one provider to another.
For the complete compliance with the Desktop OS world, the cloud platform market needs a system like Mac - a niche platform that will be waiting for its time and then explode. Ironically, the most likely contender for this role is Microsoft's Windows Azure. By the way, in the near future Microsoft is going to add Linux-server support to Azure.
2011 - HP and Dell support OpenStack
It seems that OpenStack, the open-source IaaS platform led by Rackspace, has really become the Linux of the Cloud Computing era. The two cloud hardware giants - HP and Dell - has recently joined the alliance. HP joined on paper and Dell - are already in practice. Yesterday Dell unveiled the solution for building private and public clouds Dell OpenStack Cloud. From the title it's clear on what software platform it is built. Recall that the OpenStack alliance already includes the chip makers Intel and AMD, virtualization giant Citrix, networking giant Cisco, cloud management developers Cloudkick and Rightscale, cloud providers Rackspace and Cloud.com. Each of these companies contributes to the OpenStack development, making it ideally compatible with the hardware, networking equipment and intermediate software. On the other side of the market there are Oracle, IBM, VMWare and Amazon, offering their proprietary cloud solutions. But it will be hard for them to play against such a powerful alliance.
2011 - Citrix acquired cloud platform Cloud.com to defeate OnApp
Virtualization and Cloud Computing: these technologies have become very linked in the recent years. And the virtualization market leaders want to become the leading providers of cloud platforms. Microsoft created Windows Azure, VMWare - vCloud and recently Cloud Foundry. Citrix is the last of the three virtualization giants to fly into the Cloud. Until now, the company only supplied software for private clouds, but didn't provide its own cloud infrastructure. Today, Citrix (for the amount between $200 and $250 million) has acquired the cloud provider Cloud.com. It's a pretty successful platform with big client names: Zynga, Tata, GoDaddy. Cloud.com uses the open-source platform OpenStack as the cloud operating system. It was created by the alliance led by RackSpace. Citrix also participate in this alliance, and after buying Cloud.com, is going to continue support OpenStack and integrate it with own virtualization technologies.